The prefecture of Halkidiki has about 110,000 inhabitants with Polygyros as its capital and consists of three peninsulas: the westernmost Kassandra with huge tourist development with luxurious hotels, countless beach bars and clubs, endless sandy beaches and pine-covered lands that reach the blue sea.
The lowest profile Sithonia is located in the middle peninsula of Halkidiki and has to show picturesque ports with quiet fishing villages, golden beaches, secluded coves next to olive groves, forests and stunning architecture in homes and churches. Access to the Athos peninsula stops at the picturesque Ouranoupoli, which is the border before Mount Athos.
Halkidiki is an ideal destination because it has something to offer for all tastes: from luxury accommodation in five-star hotels and promenade in beta clubs to isolation in picturesque villages and food in fish taverns with the wave being the only sound that accompanies us. The findings show that the human presence is over 700,000 years old, while the skull of the archangel found in the Cave of Petralona is estimated to be about 200,000 years old. In the 8th c. e.g. Many inhabitants arrive in the area, coming mainly from Chalkida and Eretria, while in 348 BC. Philip incorporates the area into the Macedonian Kingdom. In 168 BC. it passes into the hands of the Romans and declines while in the Christian centuries it will receive many raids.
During the 9th c. the monastic state of Mount Athos is organized. In the middle of the 14th century a large part of Halkidiki was annexed to the Serbian state and in 1430 slavery came to the Turks. At the beginning of the 20th century, Halkidiki took part in the Macedonian Struggle with the coveted freedom to come in October 1912. This was followed by the settlement of thousands of refugees from Central Asia in 1922 with the creation of new villages.
Mount Athos, the Cave of Petralona, the ancient Stageira birthplace of Aristotle, the ancient Olynthos, the Byzantine castles in Ouranoupoli, Sani, Nea Fokaia and Toroni, Potidea with its medieval Poseidon walls, the oldest
Ηow you go:
By air with flights from Thessaloniki airport and from there by rental car. Alternatively with your car or the Halkidiki bus.